The composer, engineer, teacher, wartime resistance-worker and writer Iannis Xenakis was born at Braila in Romania on 29 May 1922, and died at home in Paris on 4 February 2001, aged 78, following a long illness.
Xenakis had Greek parents and lived with his family in Greece from 1932, studying music with Aristotle Kundurov and taking an Engineering degree at Athens Polytechnic. During the war he worked with the resistance and became a French citizen after escaping to Paris in 1947.
Largely self-taught, he was encouraged by Honegger, Milhaud and, especially, Olivier Messiaen. The music is closely related to mathematics and architecture, and is mostly fully notated and for conventional instruments, but using stochastic processes, game theory and computers.
In 1966 he founded, in Paris, the School of Mathematical and Automated Music, and set up and taught at a similar centre at Indiana University in the USA. Honours include officier de la Légion d'honneur (France) and the 1999 Polar Music Prize.
Echoes of Oblivion by Robert McCarney - Rough winds do shake
Echoes of Oblivion by Robert McCarney - Sound Sense and Nonsense
Echoes of Oblivion by Robert McCarney - Introduction
Ensemble. Out of Nature - Giuseppe Pennisi was at the opening concert of the 2019 Chigiana International Festival
Ensemble. Mirrors of Time - Special concerts in Rome, enjoyed by Giuseppe Pennisi
DVD Spotlight. Doubly Effective - A classic documentary with music by Copland, reviewed by Howard Smith. '... a fascinating picture of America ...'
DVD Spotlight. Outrageously Flamboyant - Christian Lindberg as trombonist, composer and conductor, recommended by Ron Bierman. '... an extraordinary character ...'
Ensemble. The Quality of Mercy - Giuseppe Pennisi visits the 2011 Aix-en-Provence Festival and reports on four of the six operas
Life-affirming - Steven Schick's 'The Percussionist's Art', reviewed by Paul Sarcich
Class actions? - Alistair Hinton replies to Patric Standford's latest on 'Class acts'
Music's connective tissue - The story of STROMA, by Howard Smith
Site seeing - Ludwig's torso ... another visit to the world of music websites, with Keith Bramich