Anton Rubinstein

The Russian composer, conductor, pianist and teacher Anton Grigoryevich Rubinstein was born at Vikhvatinets on 28 November 1829 and died near St Petersburg on 20 November 1894, aged sixty-four. After Franz Liszt, he was considered the greatest pianist of the nineteenth century. A child prodigy, and widely travelled throughout Europe, Rubinstein had a great influence on Russian musical life, founding the St Petersburg Conservatory (where Tchaikovsky, a friend of Anton's brother - Nikolay Rubinstein - was among his students) and the Russian Musical Society.

Music historians remain critical of Rubinstein's compositions, for melodies that are pleasant but often lacking in originality. The composers of the St Petersburg School (especially Balakirev, who thought Rubinstein had a bad influence on Russian music) ganged up against him, and insults flew in both directions. With his German-Jewish origins, Rubinstein was poised somehow between East and West, writing, in his Gedankenkorb (confessions), that 'for Christians, I am a Jew, for Jews, I am a Christian; for the Germans, I am Russian, for the Russians, I am German; for the classically minded, I am avant-garde, for the avant-garde, I am reactionary'.


A selection of articles about Anton Rubinstein

Spotlight. A Romantic Piano Master - Esdras Mugatik listens to Shura Cherkassky. '... a magical capacity to differentiate levels of sound ...'

Spotlight. Polish and Sensitivity - Stephen Francis Vasta listens to music for piano and orchestra by Anton Rubinstein. 'The performance is excellent ...'

Classical music news - The Compleat Busoni and other delights - A book launch, first performance and signing will take place this month in Canberra, Australia

CD Spotlight. Heavy Going - Anton Rubinstein piano concertos Nos 3 and 5, heard by Stephen Francis Vasta. 'Anna Shelest does what she can with the material - her big chords are resonant, and her sparkling arpeggios delightful ...'

Ensemble. A World-class Orchestra - Mike Wheeler is impressed by the Iceland Symphony Orchestra and chief conductor Eva Ollikainen

CD Spotlight. Spirit of a Nation - Gerald Fenech is impressed by music of nineteenth century Polish composers Henryk Wieniawski, Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński and Karol Kurpiński. '... both players and soloists surpass themselves with passionate renditions ...'

Classical music news - July 2022 Obituaries - Our summary of those the classical music world has lost this month

CD Spotlight. Beautifully Realized - Richard Harwood's EMI debut, heard by the late Howard Smith. 'Harwood never once strives for effect ...'

CD Spotlight. Striking Power - Leslie Howard plays Rachmaninov, heard by Howard Smith. '... a staggering technique.'

Imaginative Heights - Gordon Rumson looks forward to the Calgary Art Song Competition

CD Spotlight. An Audacious Performer - A recital by Mikhail Zemtsov, reviewed by Howard Smith

CD Spotlight. Fire and brimstone? - Fabio Grasso plays Rubinstein, and Gordon Rumson raises some serious issues. '... great elan and vibrancy.'