The prolific and versatile French Baroque composer Marc-Antoine Charpentier was born in or near Paris in 1643. He studied in Rome with Giacomo Carissimi. Charpentier, who worked as a house composer for Marie de Lorraine, duchesse de Guise, and then later for the Jesuits, was especially praised for his sacred vocal music.
He wrote oratorios, masses, operas and many smaller pieces, and is possibly best known for the prelude to his Te Deum, his Messe de minuit pour noël of approximately 1690, and for the mass Assumpta Est Maria.
Charpentier also analysed other composers' harmony, and wrote a manual for musical training. His own music is fascinating as he was writing at a time of transition near the start of the Baroque period.
Marc-Antoine Charpentier died at Sainte-Chapelle, Paris, on 24 February 1704.
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