Finnish composer, conductor and teacher Erik Valdemar Bergman was born in Nykarleby on 24 November 1911. He studied in Helsinki at the Sibelius Academy, then in Berlin with Heinz Tiessen and in Ascona with Wladimir Vogel.
He taught composition at the Sibelius Academy and worked as a choral conductor.
As a composer, he wrote in a wide range of styles, later prohibiting certain early Romantic works from being performed, and is regarded as an avant-garde composer and a pioneer of modern Finnish music. He is also known for his choral music output.
Erik Bergman died in Helsinki on 24 April 2006, aged ninety-four.