American composer George Theophilus Walker was born in Washington DC on 27 June 1922. He studied piano from the age of five, and gave his first public recital at fourteen. He studied piano and organ at Oberlin Conservatory and then piano, chamber music and composition at the Curtis Institute, where his composition teacher was Rosario Scalero (who also taught Samuel Barber).
In 1966 he was the first black composer to receive the Pulizer Prize (for his work Lilacs for voice and orchestra).
George Walker died in Montclair, New Jersey on 23 August 2018, aged ninety-six.