Ukrainian composer and musicologist Mykola Lysenko was born in Hrynky on 22 March 1842. He was interested in Ukrainian folksong and the poems of Taras Shevchenko (1814-61) from an early age. Initially a biology student, on winning a Russian Music Society scholarship, he began to study music at Leipzig Conservatory. Later he studied orchestration with Rimsky-Korsakov.
Lysenko's compositions were pro-Ukrainian and anti-Russian, using only Ukrainian language texts for his opera libretti, and refusing to allow his works to be translated into Russian. This was detrimental to his career, for example preventing a Moscow performance of his opera Taras Bulba (which had impressed Tchaikovsky). He supported the 1905 revolution, and was jailed briefly in 1907.
His musicological research demonstrated how Ukrainian melodic material, with its unique approach to chromaticism, differs from Russian material, and studied Ukrainian folk instruments.
Mykola Lysenko died on 6 November 1912.