Czech composer and conductor Miloslav Kabeláč was born on 1 August 1908 in Prague, where he later studied at the conservatory with Karel Boleslav Jirák. He was also a student of Alois Hába.
Early in his career he worked for Prague Radio, and later as a teacher at the Prague Conservatory. He was also active in various organisations, including the Federation of Czechoslovak Composers, and tried to restore connections with Western music and composers, but was silenced by the authorities after the 1968 Soviet invasion, and thereafter his music was only performed abroad.
Miloslav Kabeláč died on 17 September 1979, aged seventy-one.