English baroque composer Matthew Locke was born in Exeter in about 1621 and sang in Exeter Cathedral choir under Orlando Gibbons' brother Edward. He is known to have travelled to the Netherlands when he was eighteen. Collaborating with Christopher Gibbons (Orlando's son), Locke wrote the music for James Shirley's 1653 masque Cupid and Death. No other scores of dramatic works survive from this period.
Locke collaborated with other composers on William Davenant's early opera The Siege of Rhodes (1656) and went on to write music for other Davenant operas and a processional march played at the coronation of Charles II (for whom he was composer and organist of the king's chapel).
Locke's treatise on music theory, Melothesia, was published in 1673, and he died in August 1677.
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