The Italian composer Luciano Chailly was born in Ferrara on 19 January 1920 and died in Milan on 24 December 2002, aged 82. Chailly studied in Milan with Renzo Bossi, at the University of Bologna, and in Salzburg with Paul Hindemith. Very much an artist of the musical theatre, his thirteen operas include Ferrovia sopraelevata (1955), Una domanda di matrimonio (1957, from Chekov), Il canto del cigno (1957), Procedura penale (1959), Markheim (1967) and L'Idiota (1970, from Dostoevsky). He also wrote ballets, orchestral and choral music.
He directed musical programmes for Italian radio and television as musical consultant to RAI from 1951 until 1967. He was artistic director of La Scala Milan (from 1968 until 1971), the Teatro Regio in Turin (from 1973 until 1975), and also of the Arena di Verona and the Opera di Genova. His son is the conductor Riccardo Chailly.